UNESCO World Heritage Sites

Posted: January 10, 2017    Categories:

UNESCO World Heritage SitesUNESCO World Heritage Sites were created in 1978 by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). They began designating important sites around the globe as part of an effort to preserve the world’s cultural and natural heritage. The current list of World Heritage Sites includes 1,052 properties forming part of cultural and natural value which the World Heritage Committee considers as having outstanding universal value.

Since 2007 I have visited 327 World Heritage Sites and have documented each and every visit. For each world heritage site I visit, I try to make a purposeful and meaningful visit. I attempt to take at least one representative photo of every site.

The sites listed here are in the order which I visited them. In the case where a site I visited becomes a world heritage site after the fact, its place on the list is determined by when it was made a world heritage site, not when I visited. This is so I don’t have to constantly renumber everything, every year.

Every year the world heritage convention meets to vote on new sites. There are approximately 20 new World Heritage Sites created every year, which means I have to visit that many just to keep pace with the creation of new sites.

Contrary to some internet rumors, sites are not owned or controlled by the United Nations or UNESCO. Member states have to apply to have a site listed and no site can be listed without the approval of the host country. The only power which UNESCO has is to have a site delisted as a World Heritage Site, which has happened so far twice in its history.

With regards to the countries associated with each site, I am adopting what UNESCO nomenclature for consistency. If you have a political objection (i.e. Kosovo/Serbia or Israel/Palestine) bring it up with the World Heritage Committee.

For more information read: Everything You Wanted to Know About UNESCO World Heritage Sites But Never Bothered To Ask

Last updated: Jun 23, 2017 @ 5:29 am


    UNESCO World Heritage Sites 2017

  1. Skogskyrkogården (Sweden)
  2. Engelsberg Ironworks (Sweden)
  3. Mining Area of the Great Copper Mountain in Falun (Sweden)
  4. The Decorated Farmhouses of Halsingland (Sweden)
  5. High Coast / Kvarken Archipelago (Sweden/Finland)
  6. Palestine: Land of Olives and Vines – Cultural Landscape of Southern Jerusalem, Battir (Palestine)
  7. Birthplace of Jesus: Church of the Nativity and the Pilgrimage Route, Bethlehem (Palestine)
  8. Incense Route – Desert Cities in the Negev (Israel)
  9. Caves of Maresha and Bet-Guvrin in the Judean Lowlands as a Microcosm of the Land of the Caves (Israel)
  10. Necropolis of Bet She’arim: A Landmark of Jewish Renewal (Israel)
  11. Biblical Tels – Megiddo, Hazor, Beer Sheba (Israel)
  12. Sites of Human Evolution at Mount Carmel: The Nahal Me’arot / Wadi el-Mughara Caves (Israel)
  13. Plantin-Moretus House-Workshops-Museum Complex (Belgium)
  14. The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier (Belgium)
  15. Stoclet House (Belgium)
  16. Flemish Beguinages (Belgium)
  17. Belfries of Belgium and France (Belgium)
  18. Van Nellefabriek (Netherlands)

  19. UNESCO World Heritage Sites 2016

  20. Mistaken Point (Canada)
  21. Nan Madol: Ceremonial Centre of Eastern Micronesia (Federated Staes of Micronesia)7
  22. Silk Roads: the Routes Network of Chang’an-Tianshan Corridor (China/Kazakhstan/Kyrgyzstan)
  23. Natural and Cultural Heritage of the Ohrid Region (Macedonia)
  24. Durmitor National Park (Montenegro)
  25. Mehmed Paša Sokolović Bridge in Višegrad (Bosnia and Herzegovina)
  26. Medieval Monuments in Kosovo (Serbia)
  27. Aksum (Ethiopia)
  28. Rock-Hewn Churches, Lalibela (Ethiopia)
  29. Fatehpur Sikri (India)
  30. Taj Mahal (India)
  31. Agra Fort (India)
  32. Humayun’s Tomb, Delhi (India)
  33. Qutb Minar and its Monuments, Delhi (India)
  34. Red Fort Complex (India)

  35. UNESCO World Heritage Sites 2015

  36. San Antonio Missions (United States)
  37. Baptism Site “Bethany Beyond the Jordan” (Jordan)6
  38. Mont-Saint-Michel and its Bay (France)
  39. Le Havre, the City Rebuilt by Auguste Perret (France)
  40. Bourges Cathedral (France)
  41. Monumental Earthworks of Poverty Point (United States)
  42. Colonial City of Santo Domingo (Dominican Republic)
  43. National History Park – Citadel, Sans Souci, Ramiers (Haiti)
  44. Fortress of Suomenlinna (Finland)

  45. UNESCO World Heritage Sites 2014

  46. Dorset and East Devon Coast (United Kingdom)
  47. Cornwall and West Devon Mining Landscape (United Kingdom)
  48. Blenheim Palace (United Kingdom)
  49. Archaeological Site of Delphi (Greece)
  50. Old Town of Corfu (Greece)
  51. Meteora (Greece)
  52. Monasteries of Daphni, Hosios Loukas and Nea Moni of Chios (Greece)
  53. Painted Churches in the Troodos Region (Cyprus)
  54. Paphos (Cyprus)
  55. Choirokoitia (Cyprus)
  56. Ħal Saflieni Hypogeum (Malta)
  57. City of Valletta (Malta)
  58. Megalithic Temples of Malta (Malta)
  59. Pre-Hispanic City of Chichen-Itza (Mexico)
  60. Nahani National Park (Canada)
  61. Wood Buffalo National Park (Canada)
  62. Historic Town of St George and Related Fortifications, Bermuda (United Kingdom)
  63. Medina of Marrakesh (Morocco)
  64. Island of Gorée (Senegal)
  65. Forts and Castles, Volta, Greater Accra, Central and Western Regions (Ghana)
  66. Robben Island (South Africa)
  67. Vredefort Dome (South Africa)
  68. Mosi-oa-Tunya / Victoria Falls (Zambia/Zimbabwae)
  69. Fossil Hominid Sites of South Africa (South Africa)
  70. Mapungubwe Cultural Landscape (South Africa)
  71. iSimangaliso Wetland Park (South Africa)
  72. Maloti-Drakensberg Park (South Africa/Lesotho)

  73. UNESCO World Heritage Sites 2013

  74. Australian Fossil Mammal Sites, Riversleigh/Naracoorte (Australia)
  75. Twyfelfontein or /Ui-//aes (Namibia)
  76. Namib Sand Sea (Namibia)
  77. Canterbury Cathedral, St Augustine’s Abbey, and St Martin’s Church (United Kingdom)
  78. Blaenavon Industrial Landscape (United Kingdom)
  79. Giant’s Causeway and Causeway Coast (United Kingdom)
  80. Sceilg Mhichíl (Ireland)
  81. Red Bay Basque Whaling Station (Canada)
  82. Historic Monuments Zone of Tlacotalpan (Mexico)
  83. Historic Bridgetown and its Garrison (Barbados)
  84. Pitons Management Area (Saint Lucia)
  85. Morne Trois Pitons National Park (Dominica)
  86. Brimstone Hill Fortress National Park (Saint Kitts and Nevis)
  87. Villa Adriana (Italy)
  88. Villa d’Este (Italy)
  89. Costiera Amalfitana (Italy)
  90. 18th-Century Royal Palace at Caserta with the Park, the Aqueduct of Vanvitelli, and the San Leucio Complex (Italy)
  91. Historic Centre of San Gimignano (Italy)
  92. Mantua and Sabbioneta (Italy)
  93. City of Vicenza and the Palladian Villas of the Veneto (Italy)
  94. City of Verona (Italy)
  95. Early Christian Monuments of Ravenna (Italy)
  96. Ferrara, City of the Renaissance, and its Po Delta (Italy)
  97. Cathedral, Torre Civica and Piazza Grande, Modena (Italy)
  98. Um er-Rasas (Kastrom Mefa’a) (Jordan)
  99. Quseir Amra (Jordan)
  100. Natural and Culturo-Historical Region of Kotor (Montenegro)
  101. Old Bridge Area of the Old City of Mostar (Bosnia and Herzegovina)
  102. Historical Complex of Split with the Palace of Diocletian (Croatia)
  103. Stari Grad Plain (Croatia)
  104. Historic City of Trogir (Croatia)
  105. The Cathedral of St James in Šibenik (Croatia)
  106. Plitvice Lakes National Park (Croatia)
  107. Muskauer Park / Park Mużakowski (Germany/Poland)
  108. Garden Kingdom of Dessau-Wörlitz (Germany)
  109. Collegiate Church, Castle, and Old Town of Quedlinburg (Germany)
  110. Mines of Rammelsberg, Historic Town of Goslar and Upper Harz Water Management System (Germany)
  111. Fagus Factory in Alfeld (Germany)
  112. St Mary’s Cathedral and St Michael’s Church at Hildesheim (Germany)
  113. Würzburg Residence with the Court Gardens and Residence Square (Germany)
  114. Town of Bamberg (Germany)
  115. Margravial Opera House Bayreuth (Germany)
  116. Old town of Regensburg with Stadtamhof (Germany)
  117. Pilgrimage Church of Wies (Germany)
  118. Prehistoric Pile dwellings around the Alps (Germany/France/Austria/Switzerland/Slovenia/Italy)
  119. Monastic Island of Reichenau (Germany)
  120. Maulbronn Monastery Complex (Germany)
  121. Speyer Cathedral (Germany)
  122. Abbey and Altenmünster of Lorsch (Germany)
  123. Messel Pit Fossil Site (Germany)
  124. Frontiers of the Roman Empire (Germany/United Kingdom)
  125. Völklingen Ironworks (Germany)
  126. Roman Monuments, Cathedral of St Peter and Church of Our Lady in Trier (Germany)
  127. Upper Middle Rhine Valley (Germany)
  128. Aachen Cathedral (Germany)
  129. Zollverein Coal Mine Industrial Complex in Essen (Germany)
  130. Town Hall and Roland on the Marketplace of Bremen (Germany)
  131. Hanseatic City of Lübeck (Germany)
  132. Historic Centres of Stralsund and Wismar (Germany)
  133. Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and the Ancient Beech Forests of Germany (Germany/Slovakia/Ukraine)
  134. Kalwaria Zebrzydowska: the Mannerist Architectural and Park Landscape Complex and Pilgrimage Park (Poland)
  135. Wooden Churches of Southern Little Poland (Poland)
  136. Wieliczka Salt Mine (Poland)
  137. Auschwitz Birkenau German Nazi Concentration and Extermination Camp (Poland)
  138. Cracow’s Historic Centre (Poland)
  139. Historic Center of Warsaw (Poland)
  140. Antigua Guatemala (Guatemala)
  141. Tikal National Park (Guatemala)
  142. Archaeological Park and Ruins of Quirigua (Guatemala)
  143. Maya Site of Copan (Honduras)
  144. Joya de Cerén Archaeological Site (El Salvador)
  145. Talamanca Range-La Amistad Reserves / La Amistad National Park (Costa Rica/Panama)
  146. Area de Conservación Guanacaste (Costa Rica)

  147. UNESCO World Heritage Sites 2012

  148. Landscape of Grand Pré (Canada)
  149. Stonehenge, Avebury and Associated Sites (United Kingdom)
  150. City of Bath (United Kingdom)
  151. Medina of Tétouan (Morocco)
  152. Cathedral, Alcázar and Archivo de Indias in Seville (Spain)
  153. Historic Centre of Cordoba (Spain)
  154. Alhambra, Generalife and Albayzín, Granada (Spain)
  155. Renaissance Monumental Ensembles of Úbeda and Baeza (Spain)
  156. Sian Ka’an (Mexico)
  157. Varberg Radio Station (Sweden)
  158. Rock Carvings in Tanum (Sweden)
  159. Cultural Landscape of Bali Province (Indonesia)5
  160. Rock Islands Southern Lagoon (Palau)4
  161. SGang Gwaay (Canada)
  162. Lord Howe Islands Group (Australia)
  163. Australian Convict Sites (Australia)
  164. Belize Barrier Reef Reserve System (Belize)

  165. UNESCO World Heritage Sites 2011

  166. Old and New Towns of Edinburgh (United Kingdom)
  167. New Lanark (United Kingdom)
  168. Archaeological Ensemble of the Bend of the Boyn (Ireland)
  169. Castles and Town Walls of King Edward in Gwynedd (United Kingdom)
  170. Pontcysyllte Aqueduct and Canal (United Kingdom)
  171. Liverpool – Maritime Mercantile City (United Kingdom)
  172. Berlin Modernism Housing Estates (Germany)
  173. Museumsinsel (Museum Island), Berlin (Germany)
  174. Palaces and Parks of Potsdam and Berlin (Germany)
  175. Luther Memorials in Eisleben and Wittenberg (Germany)
  176. Dresden Elbe Valley (Germany)3
  177. Bauhaus and its Sites in Weimar and Dessau (Germany)
  178. Classical Weimar (Germany)
  179. Wartburg Castle (Germany)
  180. Cologne Cathedral (Germany)
  181. Castles of Augustusburg and Falkenlust (Germany)
  182. Rietveld Schröderhuis (Rietveld Schröder House) (Netherlands)
  183. Seventeenth-century canal ring area of Amsterdam inside the Singelgracht (Netherlands)
  184. City of Quito (Ecuador)
  185. Galapagos Islands (Ecuador)
  186. Islands and Protected Areas of the Gulf of California (Mexico)
  187. Garajonay National Park (Spain)
  188. Teide National Park (Spain)
  189. San Cristóbal de La Laguna (Spain)
  190. Archaeological Ensemble of Tarraco (Spain)
  191. Catalan Romanesque Churches of the Vall de Boí (Spain)
  192. Madriu-Perafita-Claror Valley (Andorra)
  193. Poblet Monastery (Spain)
  194. Wadi Rum Protected Area (Jordan)2
  195. Ningaloo Coast (Australia)1
  196. Kluane / Wrangell-St Elias / Glacier Bay / Tatshenshini-Alsek (Canada/United States)
  197. Historic Areas of Istanbul (Turkey)
  198. Boyana Church (Bulgaria)
  199. Villages with Fortified Churches in Transylvania (Romania)
  200. Historic Center of Sighisora (Romania)
  201. Budapest, including the Banks of the Danube, the Buda Castle Quarter and Andrássy Avenue (Hungary)
  202. Old City of Berne (Switzerland)
  203. Portovenere, Cinque Terre, and the Islands (Palmaria, Tino and Tinetto) (Italy)
  204. Historic Centre of Naples (Italy)
  205. Archaeological Areas of Pompei, Herculaneum and Torre Annunziata (Italy)
  206. Old City of Dubrovnik (Croatia)
  207. Palace and Gardens of Schonbrunn (Austria)
  208. Historic Center of Vienna (Austria)
  209. Historic Centre of Ceský Krumlov (Czech Republic)
  210. Holašovice Historical Village Reservation (Czech Republic)
  211. Historic Center of Prague (Czech Republic)
  212. La Fortaleza and San Juan National Historic Site in Puerto Rico (United States)

  213. UNESCO World Heritage Sites 2010

  214. Historic Area of Willemstad, Inner City and Harbour (Netherlands)
  215. Cape Floral Region Protected Areas (South Africa)
  216. Rideau Canal (Canada)
  217. Historic District of Old Quebec (Canada)
  218. Miguasha National Park (Canada)
  219. L’Anse aux Meadows (Canada)
  220. Gros Morne National Park (Canada)
  221. Old Town Lunenburg (Canada)
  222. Joggins Fossil Cliffs (Canada)
  223. Independence Hall (United States)
  224. Monticello and the University of Virginia in Charlottesville (United States)
  225. Palau de la Música Catalana and Hospital de Sant Pau, Barcelona (Spain)
  226. Works of Antoni Gaudí (Spain)
  227. Vizcaya Bridge (Spain)
  228. Palmeral of Elche (Spain)
  229. La Lonja de la Seda de Valencia (Spain)

  230. UNESCO World Heritage Sites 2009

  231. Cahokia Mounds State Historic Site (United States)
  232. Mammoth Cave National Park (United States)
  233. Great Smoky Mountains National Park (United States)
  234. Everglades National Park (United States)
  235. Carlsbad Caverns National Park (United States)
  236. Pueblo de Taos (United States)
  237. Chaco Culture (United States)
  238. Mesa Verde National Park (United States)
  239. Grand Canyon National Park (United States)
  240. Yosemite National Park (United States)
  241. Redwood National Park (United States)
  242. Olympic National Park (United States)
  243. Canadian Rocky Mountain Parks (Canada)
  244. Dinosaur Provincial Park (Canada)
  245. Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump (Canada)
  246. Glacier/Waterton National Park (United States/Canada)
  247. Yellowstone National Park (United States)
  248. Statue of Liberty (United States)
  249. Westminster Abby and St. Margaret’s Church (United Kingdom)
  250. Kew Gardens (United Kingdom)
  251. Tower of London (United Kingdom)
  252. Martime Greenwich (United Kingdom)
  253. Defence Line of Amsterdam (Netherlands)
  254. Beemster Polder (Netherlands)
  255. The Wadden Sea (Netherlands/Germany)
  256. D.F. Wouda Steam Pumping Station (Netherlands)
  257. Schokland and Surroundings (Netherlands)
  258. Mill Network at Kinderdijk (Netherlands)
  259. Historic Centre of Brugge (Belgium)
  260. Major Town Houses of the Architect Victor Horta (Belgium)
  261. La Grand-Place, Brussels (Belgium)
  262. City of Luxembourg: its Old Quarters and Fortifications (Luxembourg)
  263. Palace and Park of Versailles (France)
  264. Paris, Banks of the Seine (France)
  265. Residences of the Royal House of Savoy (Italy)
  266. Botanical Garden (Orto Botanico), Padua (Italy)
  267. Venice and its Lagoon (Italy)
  268. San Marino Historic Centre and Mount Titano (San Marino)
  269. Historic Centre of Siena (Italy)
  270. Piazza del Duomo, Pisa (Italy)
  271. Historic Center of Florence (Italy)
  272. Vatican City (Vatican City)
  273. Historic Centre of Rome, the Properties of the Holy See in that City Enjoying Extraterritorial Rights and San Paolo Fuori le Mura (Italy/Vatican City)
  274. Acropolis, Athens (Greece)
  275. Bahá’i Holy Places in Haifa and the Western Galilee (Israel)
  276. Old City of Acre (Israel)
  277. White City of Tel Aviv – The Modernist Movement (Israel)
  278. Old City of Jerusalem and its Walls
  279. Masada (Israel)
  280. Petra (Jordan)
  281. Saint Catherine Area (Egypt)
  282. Ancient Thebes with its Necropolis (Egypt)
  283. Nubian Monuments from Abu Simbel to Philae (Egypt)
  284. Memphis and its Necropolis – the Pyramid Fields from Giza to Dahshur (Egypt)
  285. Historic Cairo (Egypt)
  286. Qal’at al-Bahrain (Bahrain)
  287. Bahla Fort (Oman)

  288. UNESCO World Heritage Sites 2008

  289. Historic City of Ayutthaya (Thailand)
  290. Historic Town of Sukhothai and Associated Historic Towns (Thailand)
  291. Ban Chiang Archeology Site (Thailand)
  292. Town of Luang Prabang (Laos)
  293. Ha Long Bay (Vietnam)
  294. Complex of Hué Monuments (Vietnam)
  295. Hoi An Ancient City (Vietnam)
  296. My Son Sanctuary (Vietnam)
  297. Temple of Preah Vihear (Cambodia)
  298. Angkor (Cambodia)
  299. Historic Cities of the Straight of Malacca (Malaysia)
  300. Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park (Australia)
  301. Shark Bay, Western Australia (Australia)
  302. Purnululu National Park (Australia)
  303. Kakadu National Park (Australia)
  304. Wet Tropics of Queensland (Australia)
  305. Great Barrier Reef (Australia)
  306. Fraser Island (Australia)
  307. Gondwana Rainforests (Australia)
  308. Tasmanian Wilderness (Australia)
  309. Sydney Opera House (Australia)
  310. Blue Mountains Area (Australia)
  311. Willandra Lakes Region (Australia)
  312. Royal Exhibition Building and Carlton Gardens (Australia)
  313. Sangiran Early Man Site (Indonesia)
  314. Prambanan Temple Compound (Indonesia)
  315. Borobudur Temple Compound (Indonesia)
  316. Kinabalu National Park (Malaysia)
  317. Gunung Mulu National Park (Malaysia)

  318. UNESCO World Heritage Sites 2007

  319. Historic Center of Macau (China)
  320. Hwaseong Fortress (South Korea)
  321. Jongmyo Shrine (South Korea)
  322. Changdeokgung Palace Complex (South Korea)
  323. Seokguram Grotto and Bulguksa Temple (South Korea)
  324. Gyeongju Historic Area (South Korea)
  325. Shrines and Temples of Nikko (Japan)
  326. Historic Monuments of Ancient Nara (Japan)
  327. Buddhist Monuments in the Horyu-ji Area (Japan)
  328. Historic Monuments of Ancient Kyoto (Japan)
  329. Himeji-Jo (Japan)
  330. Itsukushima Shrine (Japan)
  331. Hiroshima Peace Garden (Japan)
  332. Yakushima (Japan)
  333. Gusuku Sites and Related Properties of the Kingdom of Ryukyu (Japan)
  334. Puerto-Princesa Subterranean River National Park (Philippines)
  335. Historic Town of Vigan (Philippines)
  336. Rice Terraces of the Philippine Cordilleras (Philippines)
  337. Baroque Churches of the Philippines (Philippines)
  338. Te Wahipounamu (New Zealand)
  339. Tongariro National Park (New Zealand)
  340. East Rennell (Solomon Islands)
  341. Rapa Nui National Park (Chile)
  342. Hawaii Volcanoes National Park (United States)

Upcoming World Heritage Site Visits

  • Rjukan-Notodden Industrial Heritage Site (Norway)
  • Vegaøyan — The Vega Archipelago (Norway)
  • Quebrada de Humahuaca (Argentina)
  • Los Glaciares National Park (Argentina)

UNESCO World Heritage Sites I Need to Revisit

Given the nature of cultural preservation, not every site visit I make is ideal. Sometimes a building is under renovation which prevents me from making a proper visit to the site. There are a small number of sites which I feel the need to revisit in the future because my first visit was sub par.

  • Abbey and Altenmünster of Lorsch (Germany) During my visit, most of the Abbey was being worked on. There was scaffolding everywhere and it was impossible to get a decent representative photo. There were other parts of the site I was able to visit, mostly ruins of churches with nothing but the outline of the walls in the ground, but the main attraction is the abbey. I’d like to return when the restoration is complete and make a proper visit.
  • Margravial Opera House Bayreuth (Germany) The opera house is actually a rather important and interesting building. Unfortunately, I was only able to see the facade of the building as the entire interior was being renovated. As the real beauty and attraction is the interior, I’ll have to return to see it once it is finished.
  • Durmitor National Park (Montenegro) I was blocked by a snowdrift soon after I entered the park and I couldn’t really seem much of the park, even though I was technically there.

Footnotes

  1. I visited the Ningaloo Reef in 2008 during my trip to Australia. It became a UNESCO World Heritage Site in June 2011.
  2. I visited Wadi Rum in 2009. It became a UNESCO World Heritage Site in June 2011.
  3. The Dresden Elbe Valley was removed from the UNESCO list in 2009 because of the construction of a highway. I have decided to keep it on my list because I strongly disagree with the decision to remove it.
  4. I visited the Rock Islands of Palau in 2007. It became a UNESCO World Heritage Site in July 2012.
  5. I visited Bali in 2008. It became a UNESCO World Heritage Site in July 2012.
  6. I visited the Baptism Site in Jordan in 2013. It became a World Heritage Site in July 2015.
  7. I visited Nan Modal in 2007. It became a World Heritage Site in July 2016

Last updated: Jun 23, 2017 @ 5:29 am