Tower of London

The Tower of London UNESCO World Heritage Site, England

From the World Heritage inscription for the Tower of London: The Tower of London is an internationally famous monument and one of England’s most iconic structures. William the Conqueror built the White Tower in 1066 as a demonstration of Norman power, sitting it strategically on the River Thames to act as both fortress and gateway …

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Maritime Greenwich

Maritime Greenwich UNESCO World Heritage Site, London

From the World Heritage inscription for Maritime Greenwich: Symmetrically arranged alongside the River Thames, the ensemble of the 17th century Queen’s House, part of the last Royal Palace at Greenwich, the palatial Baroque complex of the Royal Hospital for Seamen, and the Royal Observatory founded in 1675 and surrounded by the Royal Park laid out …

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Kew Royal Botanic Gardens

Kew Royal Botanic Gardens UNESCO World Heritage Site, London

From the World Heritage inscription for the Kew Gardens: Set amongst a series of parks and estates along the River Thames’ south-western reaches, this historic landscape garden includes work by internationally renowned landscape architects Bridgeman, Kent, Chambers, Capability Brown and Nesfield illustrating significant periods in garden design from the 18th to the 20th centuries. The …

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Pontcysyllte Aqueduct and Canal

Pontcysyllte Aqueduct and Canal UNESCO World Heritage Site

From the Pontcysyllte Aqueduct and Canal World Heritage inscription: The Pontcysyllte Canal is a remarkable example of the construction of a human-engineered waterway in a difficult geographical environment, at the end of the 18th century and the start of the 19th century. It required extensive and boldly conceived civil engineering works. The Pontcysyllte Aqueduct is …

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New Lanark

New Lanark UNESCO World Heritage Site, Scotland

From the New Lanark World Heritage inscription: When Richard Arkwright’s new factory system for textile production was brought to New Lanark the need to provide housing and other facilities for the workers and managers was recognized. It was there that Robert Owen created a model for industrial communities that was to spread across the world …

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Old and New Towns of Edinburgh

Old and New Towns of Edinburgh

From the World Heritage inscription: Edinburgh has been the Scottish capital since the 15th century. It has two distinct areas: the Old Town, dominated by a medieval fortress; and the neoclassical New Town, whose development from the 18th century onwards had a far-reaching influence on European urban planning. The harmonious juxtaposition of these two contrasting …

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