The Northern Territory (NT) is the largest territory in Australia located in the central and northern regions of the country. As of 2014, the population count in NT is less than 244,000. This makes it the least populous out of all 8 states in Australia despite its size. One of the main drawing points for those who travel to the Northern Territory is the archaeological history of the land. In fact, the indigenous Australians settled in the Northern Territory about 40,000 years ago. Today, you will find many indigenous people settling in some parts of the region, as well as find several artifacts of the earlier days.
Geographically it borders Western Australia to the west, South Australia to the south, and Queensland to the East.
Today, the boost in the tourism industry has contributed to the economic development in the region. Travel to Northern Territory continues to grow over the years. The Uluru National Park (also known as the Ayer’s Rock) is the most popular attraction in the Northern Territory. Another famous attraction visited by those who travel to Northern Territory is Kakadu National Park.
Darwin is the capital city of the Northern Territory. However, the settlement in the state is spread throughout various areas including Alice Springs, Tennant Creek, Stuart Highway, Palmerston, to name a few.
In terms of geography, the Northern Territory is home to several unique but natural rock formations. As mentioned earlier, the Uluru is one of them. Kata Tjuta is another. These rock formations hold a sacred importance to the local Aborigines that live in the land. It is also one of the most popular tourist attractions in Australia.
Quick Facts on Northern Territory
Before you travel to Northern Territory in Australia, here are some basic facts you need to know:
- The Northern Territory alone accounts for 1/6 of the land area of the entire Australian continent. Its size is equal to Spain, Italy and France combined.
- The dry season in Northern Territory is from May to September. The wet season is from October to April. The coastal part of the Northern Territory experiences the occasional tropical cyclones during the wet season.
- The daily average temperature in NT is 31-degree Celsius, which can reach a minimum of 24-degree Celsius.
- The population of Northern Territory in Australia is mostly of ethnic background. In fact, the aboriginal land trust is allocated to 40% of the territory’s land.
- Mining of mineral and hydrocarbon is one of the pillars to the region’s economic development. Some of the common types of minerals mined in the region include zinc, lead, silver, manganese, copper, diamonds, opal, palladium, rubies, and more.
- Darwin, the capital of the Northern Territory, serves as the base for many of Australia’s defense services.