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Surviving The Tsunami That Wasn’t

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Front St. in Lahaina

Front St. in Lahaina

As all of you are probably aware, there was a tsunami warning across the Pacific last night from the 8.9 earthquake which struck off the coast of Japan.

You are also probably aware that in the end (thankfully) not much happened outside of Japan.

Nonetheless, it was an extremely hectic night and I learned several valuable things from it.


I went to go get something to eat last night around 7:30pm. Lahaina is a tourist town and there was a cruise ship in port so all the restaurants were busy. I ended up going to Famous Dave’s for no other reason than they had immediate seating.

Just before I was finished eating, I received a text message from a girl I met in Maui that said there was a 8.3 magnitude earthquake in Japan and that there was a tsunami warning. Almost at the same time I received a message from Jodi Ettenberg who is in Chiang Mai, Thailand saying the same thing.

I mentioned it to the server who already knew. It seemed that everyone in the restaurant already knew about it. I was notified at 8:30pm and the wave wasn’t scheduled to arrive in Hawaii until 3am, so we had 6.5 hours to sit around or totally flip out, depending on your inclination.

At this point I should give you a bit of background: before I started traveling I studied geology for two and a half years. I had some background on earthquakes and how waves work, so I wasn’t just flipping out. I was going to spend the next six hours to try and get more data and hear what people were saying from all over the Pacific.

Wave size predictive map released on March 10

Wave size predictive map released on March 10

The first reports did look pretty grim. It was an enormous earthquake. 8.9 makes it one of the 10 strongest earthquakes ever recorded. It occurred in the sea. It was shallow. Most important, a giant wall of water did in fact hit Japan with incredible video showing the damage. It had all the ingredients for a very bad tsunami.

However, that doesn’t mean it will create a horrible tsunami. Waves don’t necessarily go out evenly in every direction. Also, Hawaii is a long way from Japan. By the time any wave reached Hawaii, the energy would have been dissipated at least somewhat.

Also, I was in Lahaina. If you look at a map of Hawaii you’ll see a shallow area which is surrounded by three islands: Lanai, Maui and Molokai. Lahanina juts into this straight. Any wave hitting hawaii is going to either hit the opposite side of one of those three islands. If you had to pick a costal area where you’d want to be during a tsunami, Lahaina would be it. I did some quick Google searches and couldn’t find any historical examples of a tsunami hitting Lahaina, which was the former royal capital of Hawaii. Records should go back here for at least 200 years if not more.

Also, waves on this side of the island are always smaller than what you see on the other side of Maui. A drive around the island on almost any day of the year will demonstrate that.

Also, there is a seawall approximately 2m in height in Lahaina. Any wave would have to go over the wall to get to where I was several blocks away, which was another 2-3 feet higher than the wall. I was also only about half a mile down the road from the tsunami safety area, so in the event something should happen, I wasn’t that far of a walk away.

So to summarize things at this point: something very bad was potentially coming but I was far away and in a good location should something actually hit.

All of that was the geologist in me.

The traveler in me has been to most of the nations in the Pacific. I knew if anything was heading towards Hawaii it would first hit Guam, Saipan, Majuro and Micronesia. Guam would probably be the canary in the coal mine for Hawaii. Guam has a big enough population that there would probably be people on Twitter providing updates. If Guam got hit hard, then Hawaii would get hit hard. If Guam was spared, then Hawaii would be spared.

As the zero hour approached Guam, I began searching Twitter for tweets with “Guam”. It was difficult to sift through the information because so many people were retreating the same BBC update with the word “Guam” in it. Eventually I found several people who were in Guam who reported that nothing serious happened.

Over the next few hours I got dribbles of information from islands who were scheduled to get hit before Hawaii. Okinawa reported a wave 0.2m in height (less than 1 foot), Taiwan reported no damage, Saipan reported a 2 foot wave, Batanes (the northern most province of the Philippines) reported no damage, and Wake Island reported a wave 1.5 ft high.

Basically, nothing was happening. Multiple locations closer to the epicenter than Hawaii were reporting small waves and no damage. I had some data, I had confirmed personal updates from people on the above listed islands, and at this point I wasn’t really worried anymore.

Then the sirens started going off….

The street in front of the hostel where I am staying was packed with cars and the gas station across the street was full of people trying to get gas. Police set up a position in the intersection to direct traffic. One guy who was staying in the same place I was, was trying to bargain with the manager to rent a car as if he had to feel from a biological outbreak.

Around 1am I decided to go to bed. Warnings were getting called off in Taiwan and other islands and the data pouring in seemed to indicate that we dodged a bullet.

Then another siren went off…..

A group of Europeans across the hall from me went into panic mode. They began hurriedly packing all their things and putting it into their rental car. They said they were heading to high ground (mind you, the wave was still at least 2 hours away) and asked if i wanted a ride. I said no because there wasn’t going to be a tsunami. Nowhere in the Pacific was reporting any damage, and in the event something did happen, I didn’t have to go up the mountain, I only had to walk a few hundred yards to safety.

I decided to stay up and see what was going on. At this point I wasn’t so much worried about the tsunami as I was just people watching. At 2am the streets were empty. The cops at the intersection were just goofing around.

By the time 3am rolled around, the time the Tsunami was supposed to hit Hawaii, I walked up the street to see what people where doing. A few people were sitting in their cars and listening to the radio. There were no reports of anything major hitting Kauai. By 3:30am, the time the wave was supposed to hit Maui, no major damage was reported in Waikiki and nothing appeared to be happening on Maui. By 3:45am I decided to go back to bed.


Most of the evacuation precautions taken in Hawaii were prudent. A tsunami will effect different parts an island differently, depending on the topography of the island below the water. You can’t know with a fine degree of certainty what will happen where. A boat don’t need much of a wave to have damage done to them. A six inch wave was enough to damage boats in Santa Clara, California this morning. The sea rose and knocked the boats against each other. As far as I know, all the boats in the Lahaina harbor were sent safely out to sea several hours before anything happened.

The information provided by CNN, BBC, and Al Jazzera was great at first, but as the tsunami was moving across the Pacific they really didn’t have much in the way of new information. They just kept showing the same footage from Japan over and over, and talking to geologists about general tsunami issues. I was getting better information via twitter. I’m surprised they didn’t have contacts established in some of the smaller countries like Micronesia or the Marshall Islands. They might never need to use them, but when they do, they would be invaluable.

Neither the media or the government did a good job of updating people about conditions after the initial tsunami warning was released. After the initial warning, at least here, it seemed that things went on autopilot. I can understand for emergency purposes why that might be a good idea, but disseminating more information might help reduce panic and worries. Most people on the mainland seemed to think this was some sort of armageddon tsunami. The information they were getting was what I mentioned above: slow and not up to date.

Searching for information on Twitter was horrible. Too many people talking about the event made it hard to find the people who were in the middle of the event. Moreover, most of the tweets were the same BBC message retweeted over and over. Twitter needs to do something to filter searches. Jeff Jarvis recommend a different type of hash tag for people involved in an event.

I also have to confess the whole thing was rather exciting. When you have a 6 hour lead time and you are only a few hundred yards from safe ground, there really isn’t much to worry about. I could have easily dragged my bags up the hill and protected my person and my possessions if it was necessary. Despite the tragedy in Japan, the whole event shook up what otherwise would have been a very boring evening.

  • 10 Comments... What's your take?

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Comments

  1. SABINA says:

    Hey There. I found your blog using msn. This is a very well written article.

  2. Agne says:

    I am so happy these days that I live in Lithuania. Far away from earthquakes and tsunamis…

  3. martinjbaker says:

    You can use Twitter advanced search
    http://search.twitter.com/advanced

    or negative keywords by adding minus sign in front

    e.g.
    guam -“issued for many countries”
    or
    guam -bbcbreaking -bbcworld -RT

  4. We are in Chile and had luckily moved inland earlier this week because they evacuated the entire coast here. We were watching all night and luckily nothing happened to the Americas.

  5. KarenEiffel says:

    Just a heads up, this is a twitter I’ve been following, great updates: http://twitter.com/ProducerMatthew

  6. K T says:

    Glad you are safe. A prudent person would have gone to the evacuation area. Maybe you will think of your friends and family next time.

  7. Glad you’re safe, Gary.

  8. We watched ABC at 7 AM EST and they were talking about the waves having the potential to strike Australia, New Zealand and so on. Not much later, we tuned in RCN TV in Colombia and they reported that the alert had already been turned off in Australia.

  9. Carser says:

    I am very relieved to hear that Lahaina was not damaged by the tsunami. My father painted the murals in the Church of the Holy Innocents which is right on the waterfront. Thanks for your reporting.

  10. Erin says:

    Great post. I agree with Hawaii taking the stance of preparing for the worst and then nothing happens, albeit a bit anti-climatic. Taiwan learned that mistake during the typhoon Morakot in 2009 when they failed to warn part of the island that ended up getting hit with the eye of the storm. Since then, they almost go overboard with evacuations and such beforehand.

    Like you, I searched for decent coverage on the events and as I mentioned on Twitter, we ended up watching local Taiwan TV. While I couldn’t understand a word, I saw images and those were enough. While CNN was blabbering about hypothetical scenarios, we were watching video footage that the major English news outlets didn’t broadcast for 6-8 hours later.

    Twitter is such a fascinating and frustrating tool in situations like this. I love the immediate information (heck, I’ve found out the magnitude of our earthquakes here in TW there first because the CWB takes forever in updating information), but it’s also a reactionary tool when people retweet the same thing over and over — especially when the information is outdated or in the case of Tokyo Disneyland, not even correct. Tokyo Disneyland became a trending topic during this with scores of people reporting the parks were completely destroyed. Well, first person reports and contacts I have, who were there, stated otherwise. Yes, the parking lot was flooded, the rail into the resort damaged, and perhaps some damage inside the park, but ask the 70K people who were stranded there — the resort was still standing and provided them shelter throughout the night (where many still remain).

    My level of concern remained high in the initial hours after the quake because we had been included in the tsunami warnings. With pretty much no English guidance during emergencies here, it was a tenuous and worrisome situation. As CNN so “kindly” put it, Taiwan was the first on the firing line for the tsunami. Gee thanks. I do have to admit I was secretly happy we weren’t living in the waterfront apartments I had tried to talk the hubby into initially! Once nothing happened here, I was fairly confident other countries would likely be spared, although we figured the Philippines were the major test since Taiwan might have been slightly protected based on our position. We stayed awake until the first waves started hitting Hawaii (which came with conflicting reports).

    Glad to see that nothing happened in your area! At least you got to provide us with an interesting first-person account of the pre-tsunami preparations.

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About Gary Arndt

My name is Gary Arndt. In March 2007 I set out to travel around the world...
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