UNESCO World Heritage Site #300 – Red Fort Complex

UNESCO World Heritage Site #300 - Red Fort Complex
UNESCO World Heritage Site #300 – Red Fort Complex

From the World Heritage Inscription:

The Red Fort Complex was built as the palace fort of Shahjahanabad – the new capital of the fifth Mughal Emperor of India, Shah Jahan. Named for its massive enclosing walls of red sandstone, it is adjacent to an older fort, the Salimgarh, built by Islam Shah Suri in 1546, with which it forms the Red Fort Complex. The private apartments consist of a row of pavilions connected by a continuous water channel, known as the Nahr-i-Behisht (Stream of Paradise). The Red Fort is considered to represent the zenith of Mughal creativity which, under the Shah Jahan, was brought to a new level of refinement. The planning of the palace is based on Islamic prototypes, but each pavilion reveals architectural elements typical of Mughal building, reflecting a fusion of Persian, Timurid and Hindu traditions The Red Fort’s innovative planning and architectural style, including the garden design, strongly influenced later buildings and gardens in Rajasthan, Delhi, Agra and further afield.

The Red Fort Complex is a sprawling fortress which is in the Old Delhi section of Delhi.

Constructed in 1648 by the 5th Mogul Emperor, it has served an important role in Indian history for almost 400 years.

The structure was originally commissioned when the Mogul Emperor moved the imperial capital from Agra to Delhi. It was used by Mogul kings until 1858, when they British removed them during the Indian Revolt.

The Red Fort continued to be used as an administrative center during Britsh Rule. On On 15 August 1947, India’s first Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru, raised the Indian flag on the fort, signifying an independent India.

To this day, the prime minister raises the Indian flag on the fort every August 15.

Visiting the fort is not difficult. It is one of the most popular attractions in Delhi. Every tour guide will know the location and any taxi driver will be able to take you there.

I visted on a Sunday and it was very crowded. It is a popular attraction for locals, so expect crowds on most days.

Entry fees for foreigners is 250 rupees.

Nearby, you can also visit the Jamma Masjid, which is a mosque built by the same Mogul Emperor who built the Red Fort.

You will also find many similarities between the Red Fort in Delhi and the Agra Fort, as they were built close together in time.

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