McArabia: McDonald’s in the Arab World

McDonalds in Muscat, Oman

Since I last wrote about McDonald’s when I was in Dubai, I’ve been in Oman, Qatar, Bahrain, Kuwait, Egypt and Jordan. As all of the McDonald’s in the Arabian Peninsula are owned by the same company, there isn’t a whole lot to add to what I had to say about McDonald’s in Dubai. I managed to have at least something at a McDonald’s in every country except Qatar. I saw a McDonald’s sign from the window of my taxi, but never found one when I was walking around. Oddly enough, I did manage to eat at a Hardee’s in Qatar, which I thought was really bizarre. It appears that the only place in the world that has Hardee’s outside of the Midwest United States are the Gulf States.

What I want to focus on is McDonald’s Egypt, which was slightly different in substance than what I saw in the Gulf, and very different in the role it served in society. The Gulf states are all rather rich, and even Jordan is not too bad off considering it isn’t an oil producing nation. Egypt is much larger, much more crowded, and much poorer than the other Arab countries I visited. Also, in all of the above countries I listed, I ate maybe one or two meals at McDonald’s, and even then I only did it for the purpose of writing this article (the things I go through for my readers…) In Kuwait, I only got an ice cream cone and just went in to check out the menu.

McArabia Sandwich: Burger + flatbread

In Egypt, I ended up going to McDonald’s more than I have in any other country, and it had nothing to do with food. I would go every day depending what city I was in for one simple reason: McDonald’s had free wifi.

As is usually the case with my McDonald’s articles, I really don’t want to talk about McDonald’s or for that matter Egypt. I want to talk about something bigger. I need to back up as I often do in these articles and address the complaint that I always get. Some people will turn their nose up and say how they would never eat at a McDonald’s when traveling because they want a real cultural experience, and they wouldn’t want to eat garbage food, if you are going to a foreign country they’d want to experience local cuisine. While I understand where they are coming from, their view of fast food restaurants like McDonald’s is a very western view and they are projecting their view of these restaurants on to the places they visit. It might be completely reasonable if you are a westerner visiting, but it isn’t the whole story.

If someone were to make the claim that fast food was the bottom of the barrel of dining in a western country, I don’t think I’d argue with them. Fast food isn’t supposed to be high cuisine. It is supposed to very utilitarian. You get in, you get food, you get out. It is cheap and fast. Much of the fast food experience is totally lost on most westerners, however. The fact that every Big Mac is identical, is by design. Creating a consistent experience means that you know what you are getting, for better or worse, when you go to a chain restaurant.

Qatar has a Hardees. Dont ask me why.

In a world were every restaurant has clean toilets and sanitary kitchen, that might not be a big deal. In many countries I’ve visited, restaurants like McDonald’s are the high end dining option. The average person might never afford to eat at the nice restaurant at the hotel for foreigners, but they might be able to take the kids to McDonald’s once or twice a year for a birthday party and get some free toys in a Happy Meal. (and the birthday parties seem to be a much bigger deal than they are in the US) It isn’t an option for dining that you exercise every day or even every week. The role of the fast food restaurant is sort of turned on its head in a world where you don’t have many restaurants at all.

When the first McDonald’s opened up in the Soviet Union, they had lines around the block. Families would get dressed up and spend a week’s or more income to have a meal that people in the west would turn their noses up at. Part of it was certainly the taboo of eating food from the west, but another part of it was having something of consistent quality, in a clean environment.

When I was in Phnom Penh Cambodia, I visited the KFC. As far as I knew, it was the only western fast food restaurant in the entire country (another KFC was being built in Sieam Reap, but wasn’t open yet). I was struck by something: all the kids who worked there seemed very bright, had nice clothes and spoke English exceptionally well. These were the smart kids and probably children of the Cambodian elite. Asking “do you want fries with that” is actually a pretty good job when there aren’t many other options. Where as most kids in the west would consider working at McDonald’s a crummy job, in Cambodia it was the job for the best and the brightest.

McDonalds in Cairo

Which brings me back to Egypt. While Egypt is not as destitute as Cambodia, it isn’t as rich as Kuwait either. There are plenty of restaurants all over the place where you can eat that are perfectly fine. In fact I came to really like many Egyptian dishes like Foul (or fool depending on the spelling). McDonald’s is neither the best nor the worst option in Egypt. McDonald’s niche in Egypt dining ecosystem seemed to be a hangout for high school kids and young adults. Something which I also saw when I was in Taiwan. It was a place to study and a place you could bring a computer (usually cheap netbooks) to surf with your friends.

Every McDonald’s in Egypt ran McDonald’s radio. It was their own station which was a mix of western and Arab music. Most of the McDonald’s I visited were in tourists areas (because I’m a tourist) and it just added to the “western” vibe you’d get if you were an Egyptian youth.

What is the lesson can we take from this? McDonald’s and other fast food restaurants are a constant like the speed of light. They have a certain consistency which exists no matter where they are. How they fit into a particular country is a function of the development level of the country in question. The richer the country, the lower they are looked upon as a food option. The poorer the country, the more respectable dining option is it. I realize this isn’t quite as simple as sneering at every McDonald’s, but reality is never cut and dry.

Saint Catherine Area

World Heritage Site #60: Saint Catherine Area
Saint Catherine Area: My 60th UNESCO World Heritage Site

From the World Heritage inscription for Saint Catherine Area:

The Orthodox Monastery of St Catherine stands at the foot of Mount Horeb where, the Old Testament records, Moses received the Tablets of the Law. The mountain is known and revered by Muslims as Jebel Musa. The entire area is sacred to three world religions: Christianity, Islam, and Judaism. The Monastery, founded in the 6th century, is the oldest Christian monastery still in use for its initial function. Its walls and buildings of great significace to studies of Byzantine architecture and the Monastery houses outstanding collections of early Christian manuscripts and icons. The rugged mountainous landscape, containing numerous archaeological and religious sites and monuments, forms a perfect backdrop to the Monastery.

St. Catherine’s Monastery is one of my Seven Wonder Egypt.


Saint Catherine Area

Saint Catherine is a city in Egypt’s South Sinai Governorate, located at the outskirts of El Tur Mountains. The city is located at an elevation of 1,586 meters above sea level. Within this city, you will find the UNESCO World Heritage property of Saint Catherine Area. The Saint Catherine Monastery is the primary feature of this UNESCO World Heritage Site. It is also commonly referred to as the Sacred Monastery of the God-Trodden Mount Sinai.

This monastery was built for by the Order of Sinai and was established in 565. However, this cultural property was inscribed into the UNESCO list in 2002, making it one of the most recent additions to the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Egypt. This monastery is one of the oldest Christian monasteries in the world that is still being used today.

History of Saint Catherine Area

Saint Catherine has always been an integral part of the Egyptian Empire and history, even though it was not yet established as a city. Saint Catherine belongs to the province of Deshret Reithu. In 16th century BC, the Egyptian pharaohs commissioned to building of the way of Shur. This extended from Sinai to Beersheba and Jerusalem. During this time, temples and other ruins were discovered within an area near Saint Catherine, specifically in the Valley of Inscription. These temples were traced back to the 12th century Dynasty and from the New Kingdom.

It was during the Roman and Byzantine era when Saint Catherine’s Monastery was built. It was also critical in the formation of Saint Catherine as a city. The construction began in 527 and was completed in 565.

About Saint Catherine Monastery

Saint Catherine Area

The Saint Catherine Monastery was built to commemorate Catherine of Alexandria. Tradition says that Catherine was a Christian martyr who was sentenced to death on a breaking wheel. When this failed, she was beheaded instead. Then, angels brought her remains to Mount Sinai wherein monks discovered her remains around the year 800. Since then, the site of the monastery has been dedicated to Saint Catherine. It is also a popular site for pilgrims. The monastery is unique since it is not only considered sacred by the Christians, but also of worshipers of Islam and Judaism.

It is not just the Monastery that is considered culturally and historically significant. It is believed that the bush surrounding the monastery in Saint Catherine Area is the one that Moses saw. Today, the monastery, along with several other dependencies within the Saint Catherine Area, is part of the Church of Sinai.

Tourist Information on Saint Catherine Area

Here are a few things you need to know before you visit the Saint Catherine Area and the famed Monastery:

  • There are several accommodation options near and within the Saint Catherine Area. Your options range from hotels, tourist villages, ecolodges and camp sites.
  • There are also several facilities you would expect from a modern township such as bank ATMs, hospital, police station and a post office.
  • In every district of Saint Catherine, there are shops, cafes and restaurants. Most malls and supermarkets close by midnight while restaurants close at around 9 PM.
  • To travel to Saint Catherine Area, you can do so via the small international airport in the city. This airport is St. Catherine International Airport.

View the complete list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Egypt.

View the list of all of the UNESCO World Heritage sites I have visited on my travels.

Last updated: Aug 1, 2017 @ 6:47 pm

Everything Everywhere Rewind: Hawaii and Australia

Most of my readers haven’t been following me since the start of my trip. What I’m going to try to do is periodic updates where I can share some of the things I was doing/seeing one and two years ago, in late April of 2007 and 2008.

It also gives me a good excuse to go back and correct the formatting of the photos I originally posted and move the links from Flickr to SmugMug. (My early photos didn’t even fit on the page).

Two Years Ago: Hawaii

One Year Ago: Australia

  • A short video of the highest waterfall in Australia: Wallaman Falls in Queensland.
  • My first dive on the Great Barrier Reef in the Whitsunday Islands
  • A summary of my trip to Fraser Island, the world’s largest sand island and World Heritage Site.
  • My experience of ANZAC Day in Australia.

Help me plan my trip to Rome

According the Most Traveled People website, Italy is the most popular place in the world to visit…… which I’ve never visited.

As I finally enter Europe in a few days, I’ll like to tap the collective mind of the internet to help me plan my trip to Rome. There are some things I’ll see that are pretty obvious: the Vatican, the Colosseum, the Pantheon. I’d like to get the opinions of people who have been there before me to help me plan my time there.

Here is what I’m looking for from you:

1) What should I see in Rome? What are the out of the way places I should see and what should I take time to see at the popular spots? Where/what should I eat?

2) If you live in Rome let me know. I’d like to schedule a time to meet with people in Rome at a cafe or pub.