Wapusk National Park Overview
Wapusk National Park is a Canadian National Park located outside of Churchill, Manitoba.
It is a sub-arctic park which is located along the shore of Hudson Bay and it is home to one of the largest polar bear denning areas in the world.
The word “wapusk” comes from the Cree word for polar bear.
The park is located in the Hudson Plains ecozone and it comprises most of the Cape Churchill, which juts out into Hudson Bay. The reason why this area is so important to polar bears is that this is the first place in the area where sea ice freezes. The counterclockwise direction of the currents in Hudson Bay means that colder water from the north will collide into Cape Churchill and freshwater from the Churchill River causes the freezing point of the sea water to rise. Hence, this is usually the first place where polar bears can go out to feed on the sea ice every winter.
There are no roads into the national park and there are no roads connecting the town of Churchill to the rest of Canada.