From the World Heritage inscription for Kinabalu National Park:
Located in the State of Sabah, Malaysia, on the northern end of the island of Borneo, Kinabalu Park World Heritage property covers 75,370 ha. Dominated by Mount Kinabalu (4,095m), the highest mountain between the Himalayas and New Guinea, it holds a distinctive position for the biota of Southeast Asia. Geologically, Kinabalu Park is a granite intrusion formed 15 million years ago and thrust upward one million years ago by tectonic movements and shaped by forces that continue to define its landscape. Despite its geological youth, it is exceptionally high in species with living relics of natural vegetation remaining, over 93% of the Park area.
The altitudinal range of the property, 152m – 4,095m, presents a wide array of habitats from rich tropical lowland and hill rainforest (35% of the park) to the tropical montane forest (37%), and sub-alpine forest and scrub at the highest elevations. Ultramafic (serpentine) rocks cover about 16% of the park and have vegetation specific to this substrate. The property has been identified as a Centre of Plant Diversity for Southeast Asia; it contains representatives from at least half of all Borneo’s plant species and is exceptionally rich in species with elements from the Himalayas, China, Australia, Malaysia, and pantropical floras. With records of half of all Borneo’s birds, mammals and amphibian species and two-thirds of all Bornean reptiles the property is both species-rich and an important center for endemism.
Kinabalu National Park is a magnificent mountain located near the northern coast of Borneo. The mountain can be climbed by non-technical climbers in a 2-3 day trek (although the record up the mountain is about 3 hours). You can also find a wide variety of unique plants in the park, including pitcher plants, the world smallest orchid, and the world’s largest flower: the six-foot Rafflesia. There are also hot springs and rainforest walks in the area around the mountain. The park is about an hour drive from the city of Kota Kinabalu.
View the complete list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Malaysia.
View the list of all of the UNESCO World Heritage sites I have visited on my travels.