There are two UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Ghana. They are both cultural sites.
- Asante Traditional Buildings (1980)
- Forts and Castles, Volta, Greater Accra, Central and West Regions (1979)
Asante Traditional Buildings (1980)
This site is a collection of 13 traditional buildings in Ghana, which were constructed during the era of the Ashanti Empire. The Asante Kingdom flourished in the 18th century until the arrival of the British in 1806. Many of the Asante buildings were destroyed during that time but those that remained were recognized as important cultural emblems of the Asante people’s culture. These houses and buildings were notable for being made out of clay, straw and wood. Due to the type of materials used, they had to be preserved as they are vulnerable to natural conditions.
This region is recognized into the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Ghana. Most of the forts and castles were built in the 15th to 18th centuries. You will find most of these forts and castles along the coast of Ghana. Aside from being preserved throughout several centuries, the forts and castles were recognized as valuable cultural emblems since they represented the trading route during that time.