Tajikistan is a landlocked country in Central Asia that shares borders with several countries including China, Afghanistan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan and Pakistan. Despite being the 98th largest country in the world (it is the smallest Central Asian nation), it is one of the most densely populated with 8 million people (as of 2013). The traditional people who lived in the land were Tajiks with roots from neighboring countries such as Uzbekistan and Afghanistan. Travel to Tajikistan was not very popular during the earlier eras but have garnered some attention as of late, especially among adventure travelers.
There are four provinces that make up Tajikistan and the state is headed by a president. The land is mostly made up of a mountainous terrain; in fact, about 90% of the land is covered in mountains. Specifically, the Pamir range dominates the landscape of the country. And more than half of the country is situated at 3,000 meters above sea level. Only the valleys and river valleys are located in the lower land. Because of the abundance in mountainous terrain, a lot of those who travel to Tajikistan are mountaineers.
In terms of economy, Tajikistan is going through a transitional phase. Its economy relies on cotton and aluminum production and remittances.
Official Language: Tajik and Russian are the official languages of Tajikistan.
Wi-Fi Availability: Over the years, there has been a growth in ISPs in Tajikistan. However, connecting to a Wi-Fi is limited in the urban areas wherein there are internet cafes. The cost of connecting to the internet is also expensive.
Airport/s: The Dushanbe International Airport is the main international airport for travel to Tajikistan.
Visa Required: If you are from any of the following countries, you are exempted from obtaining visa to travel to Tajikistan: Azerbaijan (up to 90 days), Armenia, Belarus, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Kazakhstan, Ukraine, Moldova and Georgia. For the other nationalities, the visa requirements for travel to Tajikistan will vary according to your country of origin.
International Driver’s License Accepted? Foreign drivers must carry their original driver’s license and international driving permit to drive in Tajikistan for up to 3 months.
Driving: In Tajikistan, you will be driving on the right-hand side of the road.
Crime: The overall crime rate in Tajikistan, even in the capital city of Dushanbe, is low. But the instability of economic and political standing could cause in a rise of crime.
Electrical Adapters: The standard voltage in Tajikistan is 220 volts at 50 Hertz.
Trivia: DID YOU KNOW that even though mountain ranges cover up to 90% of the land area in Tajikistan, it has 900 rivers and 20 major lake systems?
What to See or Do
Planning to travel to Tajikistan? You cannot miss these top tourist attractions:
Alauddin Lakes: This is a beautiful lake basin in Du-Oba that features crystal clear waters perfect for swimming. Aside from a crystal blue lake, the beautiful mountain scenery nearby provides the perfect backdrop for this stunning lake.
Fann Mountains: This is one of the most sought after attractions for those who travel to Tajikistan. It is popular with mountain climbers, mountaineers, and ice climbers.
Pamir Highway: This highway was built during the 1930s for troops and transport. Today, it is popular with tourists for the amazing scenery that you get to enjoy as you drive through the highway.
Ismail Somoni Monument: This is one of the visible monuments and statues representing the building of the nation, that is Tajikistan. The statue was made to honor the 10th-century ruler Ismail Samani.
Gissar Fort: This picturesque fort is located in the Gissar Valley. It features Islamic architectural style with an arched doorway and two round towers.
Must-See in Tajikistan
Haji Yaqub Mosque in Dushanbe, Tajikistan
Travel to Tajikistan Resources
- The Ultimate Guide to Backpacking Tajikistan
- Tajikistan – What You Should Know
- 7 Reasons to Visit Tajikistan
- Tajikistan Guide – National Geographic Travel