Micronesia is a sub-region in the Pacific Ocean. It is made up of several islands in the western part of Pacific Ocean. There are two other island regions in the Oceania with which it shares the same cultural history with: Polynesia and Melanasia. Before you travel to Micronesia, read this travel guide to learn basic resources and information.
The Federated State of Micronesia is comprised of over 2,000 islands. It is made up of four major island groups: Caroline Islands, Gilbert Islands, Marshall Islands and Mariana Islands. Majority of Micronesia is made up of a coral atoll.
It features a tropical marine climate. Hence, you can expect a warm and humid temperature all year round. However, dry season takes place between January to June and the wet season begins in July where it continues until December.
Currency: The official currency in Micronesia is US Dollars.
Official Language: The official language in Micronesia is English.
Airport/s: The Pohnpei International Airport is the main international airport for travel to Micronesia.
Wi-Fi Availability: You can easily connect to free Wi-Fi hotspots in hotels, resorts and cafes in Micronesia. However, most Wi-Fi connections are still slow.
Visa Required? Citizens from the US, UK, Australia, Canada, and other EU countries need only a valid passport and return ticket to travel to Micronesia, without a need for visa. For other citizens, you need to get in touch with your local embassy headquarters for details about visa requirements for travel to Micronesia.
Driving: In Micronesia, you will be driving on the right hand side of the road.
International Driver’s License Accepted? You can use your national driver’s license or international driving permit to legally drive in major towns in Micronesia.
Crime: Micronesia was once generally considered as a safe and friendly state. But minor to major crimes is rising quickly over the past few years. All tourists are therefore advised to take necessary safety precautions.
Electrical Adapters: The electrical sockets in Micronesia are powered by 120 volts and 60 Hertz using either plug A or B type. Use an electrical adapter if your devices are powered by a different socket type.
Food in Micronesia
Food and cuisine is an integral part of the Micronesian culture. This is due to the fact that food is served in several major festivities, rituals and other ceremonial celebrations. Even though European and international influence have introduced several imported foods to Micronesia, a lot of the traditional dishes continue to be served until today.
Sakau is one of the most notable items in the Micronesian cuisine. It is also referred to as kava in most other cultures within the region. It is prepared by pounding pepper shrub roots on a flat stone. It produces quite a potent, sedative beverage that is present in most feasts.
Meanwhile, breadfruit is another staple in Micronesian cuisine. It is used by the locals to prepare a variety of dishes. It is most commonly identified for its starchy texture. Among the common ways it is incorporated into Micronesian dishes is by frying, steaming, baking and preparing into a salad.
Yam is a staple in several other nations in the Pacific Ocean, not just in Micronesia. In this country, you will find a wide array of yam varieties. The most popular use for yam in Micronesian cuisine is koapnoair koakihr. This dish is prepared by grinding yam and cooking it with the use of coconut milk.
Travel to Micronesia: Top Tourist Destinations
Nah Madol – This ruined city is located next to the eastern shore of Pohnpei Island. The ruined city is constructed within a lagoon and is made up of several artificial small islands joined together by a series of canals. The site measures up to 1.5 kilometer long and is enclosed by stone walls.
Leluh Ruins – This prehistoric archaeological site makes up a city in Lelu Island. The remains of the ruins are part of the civilization that arose in the 14th-15th century, all of which remained until the 19th century and the time of European contact.
Pakin Atoll – This atoll in the northwestern coast of Pohnpei is made up of around 100 inhabitants. It is popularly frequented by tourists due to amazing snorkeling and diving opportunities.
Truk Lagoon Underwater Fleet – This is one of the most notable attractions in Micronesia. The site once served as a formidable naval base for the Japanese during World War II. Several of the war vessels remain in the area until today.