From the World Heritage inscription for the Works of Antoni Gaudí:
Seven properties built by the architect Antoni Gaudí (1852–1926) in or near Barcelona testify to Gaudí’s exceptional creative contribution to the development of architecture and building technology in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. These monuments represent an eclectic, as well as a very personal, style which was given free reign in the design of gardens, sculpture and all decorative arts, as well as architecture. The seven buildings are: Casa Vicens; Gaudí’s work on the Nativity façade and Crypt of La Sagrada Familia; Casa Batlló; Crypt in Colonia Güell.
The work of Gaudi is almost synonymous with Barcelona. The signature building in Barcelona is the Sagrada Familia which was designed by Gaudi. The Sagrada Familia has been under construction for almost 130 years. Despite its size and scope, it is not a cathedral but actually a private church designed for a single family.
The Works of Antoni Gaudí is a UNESCO World Heritage Site in Spain known for its collection of highly artistic and unique designs. The works of Architect Antoni Gaudi reflect the Art Nouveau style movement in architecture. There are seven buildings in total that were recognized into this collection of architectural works, which were constructed from the 19th to the 20th centuries.
The buildings that were included in the UNESCO property Works of Antoni Gaudí are as follows: Sagrada Familia, Casa Vicens, Palau Guell, Park Guell, Casa Batllo, Casa Mila, and Church of Colonia Guell.
The Basilica de la Sagrada Familia is one of the most popular entries in the list of the Works of Antoni Gaudí. This Roman Catholic Church is located in Barcelona, Spain. It features a Modernisme architectural style and had its groundbreaking in the year 1882. To this day, this church is still under construction with the target completion year in 2026 or 2028.
The original architect for this project was Francisco Paula de Villar until Gaudi took over following de Villar’s resignation. It was during this time that Gaudi transformed the architectural and engineering style of the basilica. It showcases a combination of Gothic and Art Noveau architectural elements. Due to the Spanish Civil War and the project’s reliance on private donations, the progress of its construction has been slow. Nonetheless, even the greatest artists in the world consider the Sagrada Familia as one of the most beautiful architectural works, and best interpretation of Gothic Architecture since the time of the Middle Ages.
Casa Vicens is a modernist architectural building in Barcelona, which is one of the 7 Works of Antoni Gaudi recognized by UNESCO. This building was deemed as one of the first to exhibit the Art Noveau style and among one of the first creations of Gaudi. The creation of this building was a breakthrough because Gaudi showcased what many architects before him haven’t been able to do – mix different architectural styles together. In doing so, he broke away from tradition and created a new language of architecture that also helped to carve out his name as one of the best architects to come out of Spain.
Palau Guell is a mansion that is one of the designs included in the Works of Antoni Gaudi in Spain. He designed this mansion for industrial tycoon Eusebi Guell during the late part of the 19th century. The mansion is located in El Raval neighborhood within the city of Barcelona. This home features a main room wherein the high society guests are welcomed in. Some of the most notable details about this mansion include forged ironwork, parabolic arch, ornate walls and ceilings, and the iron gates. In 2004, this mansion underwent renovation as some of the original components have become weak. Hence, it was momentarily suspended from public visit. But it was re-opened to the public in 2011.
Park Guell is a public park system located on Carmel Hill in Barcelona. This is also one of the Works of Antoni Gaudi that was recognized by UNESCO. This park is comprised of gardens and architectonic elements, which is also why it is a popular destination for tourists in the city. Eusebi Guell, the same tycoon who commissioned Gaudi to design his home, also tapped the famed architect to develop this park with urbanization in mind. The work for the park lasted from the 1900 to 1914, but it was not officially opened to the public until 1926.
Casa Batllo is one of the Works of Antoni Gaudi that made it to the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Spain. It is one of the most popular buildings in Barcelona and Gaudi’s most well-known works. This building is a remodeling of a former house that was refurbished. It is known locally as Casa dels ossos, which means House of Bones. This name is derived from the visceral and skeletal organic quality of the design for the building.
Church of Colonia Guell
This is one of the unfinished Works of Antoni Gaudí in Spain – the Church of Colonia Guell. The building was initially designed to be a place of worship for those that live within the Santa Coloma de Cervelló suburb in Barcelona. It was also commissioned for by Eusebi Guell, but his dwindling wealth has resulted in the project being halted. To this day, only the crypt was erected from this entire project.
Completing the list of the Works of Antoni Gaudí in Spain that was recognized by UNESCO is Casa Mila. This modernist building is also located in Barcelona, as is most of the other Works of Antoni Gaudí. The architect was commissioned by business Pere Mila in 1906 to create the design for this building. This building was built from 1906 to 1910, which is distinguished for its unique stone façade and twisting wrought iron windows and balconies.
View the complete list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Spain.
View the list of all of the UNESCO World Heritage sites I have visited on my travels.